Women Breaking Barriers to Clean Energy

By Gisele Bündchen


Gisele with women from Kisumu in Kenya
Gisele talking to local women from Kisumu about their dangerous journeys to collect firewood for cookstoves. Photo: © Practical Action

Fashion icon Gisele Bündchen @giseleofficial is a Goodwill Ambassador forthe UN Environment Programme. She has been dubbed the world’s ‘greenest’celebrity.

I believe that if you want to help the world be a better place, you have tolearn about what is happening in different countries. When we break out of ourbubbles, we can see what we can do to make change.

I went to Kenya, for example. I learned a lot about the problems ofenvironment and energy, and also how amazing women are when they work together.

I could see for myself what the Beijing Platform for Action means. Thisvisionary agenda for women’s empowerment was adopted almost 20 years ago, yet italready talks about gender inequalities in managing natural resources andsafeguarding the environment, and how we need to break these barriers.

Too often, women suffer from environmental damages with little say in how todo things differently. At the same time, women are on the frontlines ofprotecting our environment. We understand that our futures depend on it.

Did you know how big an impact a simple wood-burning stove can have on awoman’s life? People use these because they do not have modern energy-likeelectricity. The stoves produce a lot of toxic smoke. This harms the environmentand human health. More people die from this smoke than malaria—globally, about4.3 million every year. That is horrible. In rural Kenya, however, people don’thave other options—only 4 per cent have access to electricity.

Getting enough wood for the stoves is also a huge burden for women, who spendmany hours collecting and carrying it. I wanted to see this for myself, so Iwent with women in a village outside Kenya’s city of Kisumu. At least two timesa week they gather wood, leaving at dawn and coming home at dusk. Because somany nearby trees have already been cut down, they have to walk for many hours.

The day I went we travelled more than five miles, which they said was a shorttrip. The heat was intense, and we had to carry heavy tools. The women told methey were worried about how so much of the forest had been cut down. Theywondered where they would get wood in the future.

When we arrived at a place to cut wood, we found it full of thorns thatpricked our fingers. Each woman cut about 40 kilogrammes—enough to fill two verylarge suitcases. They carried it back on their heads. I could only carry aboutone-fifth of what they normally do.

It made me see how modern energy is vital to people’s lives. These women arestrong and work hard to care for and feed their families, but they need newkinds of fuel.

Fortunately, more and more women in Kenya and in other countries are involvedin solutions to this problem, like slow-cooking stoves made from local clay andsmoke hoods that reduce pollution in homes by up to 70 per cent. The stoves use50 per cent less wood—it’s a win-win for people and the environment.

One of my favorite people on my trip to Kenya was Naomi, a community leader.She has developed a fireless cooker, which conserves wood and reduces smokeinside. It keeps food warm for eight hours after cooking, so fires can be putout to conserve wood.

Even though she faces many challenges, Naomi maintains a refreshinglypositive outlook on life. She shared with me the great joy she gets from makingothers laugh! I saw she was well-liked and respected by other women in hervillage.

There are many women like her around the world: smart, strong and positive.We all benefit when they share their energy and their ideas, unrestricted bygender inequality. Our common environment is too big a concern to leave anyoneout of better caring for it, and women are central to finding solutions.

I believe we should all have a dream no matter what our circumstances are.The women I met in Kenya reminded me of how important it is to never give up.They showed me that empowering women means empowering humanity. We should alwaysbelieve in ourselves and our power to make a difference.

For more information on Women and the Environment, check out the In Focus editorial package on the new Beijing+20 campaign website.